The tame and fertile Slavonian plain, networked by river flows, has attracted many cultures since time immemorial. One of the most significant ones, the Vučedol culture, left a deep trace, so that today the Vučedol dove and boot, beside the Water Tower from 1968, are the most recognisable symbols of Vukovar.
In the 13th century Vukovar got the free royal town title confirmed by the King Coloman Charter, in the 18th century the Eltz counts established their manor there and Maria Theresa declared it the centre of the Srijem County in 1745. At the end of the last century, it was totally destroyed in the Homeland War but it arose even more beautiful and dignified. Its life has been marked by the Vuka and the Danube, their embankments being the most beautiful Srijem and Slavonia promenades and a favourite meeting place for the inhabitants of Vukovar.
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If you start out from the Franciscan monastery and Church of St. Filip and Jacob beside the Vukovar gymnasium and descend to the promenade along the beautiful Danube, you will discover the baroque centre of Vukovar and its protected historic unit. You will pass beside the stagecoach mail buildings, the Magistrate and the former Grand Hotel, the most famous part of the monumental historic architecture from the end of the 19th century, called also the Workers’ Home. A little further, there is the unique Eltz Castle housing the Town Museum, while across the street there is the Srijem Palace from the 18th century, today’s centre of the Vukovar-Srijem County.
- 1. The Vukovar Town Museum in the Eltz Castle houses numerous collections, among which there is the Bauer collection with the most comprehensive cross-section of the contemporary Croatian art from the end of the 19th and early 20th century. It is the winner of the European Silletto Prize for the best European museum.
- 2. The Vučedol Culture Museum is located at the most significant Neolithic locality, devoted to only one pre-historic culture that had a strong impact on 13 European countries.
- 3. The baroque centre is a unique architectural whole and a recognisable view of Vukovar.
- 4. The Vukovar nocturne is a thematic route unifying all the town’s memorial places devoted to the Homeland War: the Place of Memory Vukovar Hospital 1991, Ovčara Memorial House and the Mass grave, Memorial Cemetery of the Homeland War Victims, the Central Cross where Vuka ends in the Danube and the Memorial Homeland War Centre in the Vukovar barracks.
- 5. The Adica Park Forest will thrill nature lovers and active vacation enthusiasts. It can be reached also by a small tourist train. In order to have a special experience of the Danube, Vukovar and its sights, the panoramic boat would be an excellent choice.
It is said that the secret of a delicious carp on fork is the red pepper without which the Slavonian cuisine cannot be imagined. This specialty, prepared on an open flame, will be offered to you by almost all Vukovar restaurants of which there are approximately twenty in the town.
Visit the birth house of the chemist Lavoslav Ružička. Meet the first Croatian Nobel laureate and an honorary citizen of Vukovar himself by means of a hologram. Take the waterbus to sail on the Danube and refresh yourself on the Vukovar river island in the summer months.
- ‘Svi ZaJedno Hrvatsko naj‘ Festival in May
- Vukovar Film Festival in August